İNGİLİZCE MODALS TABLOSU (CAN,MAY,MUST,HAVE TO,SHOULD)
Mary can play the piano.
Jane can come back early today.
Can I take your umbrella?
Can you open the window, please?
Negative present deduction
She never speaks English. She always speaks Turkish. She can’t be a teacher.
Conditional Type I
If you study hard, you can get a good grade.
with the verbs of perception
Can you hear the noise in the class?
Jane could swim when she was six.
Could you bring me a cup of tea, please?
Could I borrow your car, please?
gentle doubt or possibility for the present and future
We have got enough time we could go for a picnic.
İn reported speech instead of can
Mary said, “I can play the piano.”
Mary said that she could play the piano .
In Conditional Type II
If she sent me a postcard, I could write back.
Jill may come over this weekend.
May I smoke here?
In Conditional Type I
If he studies hard early, we can pass the exam.
Hope, faith, wish and curse
May all your dreams be true.
In the phrase “may as well”
I may as well help you finish the homework. I have finished mine.
It might snow at any time during the day. We can’t be sure.
Might I use your pen?
In reported speech instead of may
Mary said, “I may go on holiday this week”
In Conditional Type I II
If she is here, she might call. If they visited us, we might go out for lunch.
In the phrase “might as well”
You might as well go out.
He must finish his homework.
Present affirmative deduction
All the lights are on. They must be at home.
You mustn’t smoke here.
Need I go out for shopping?
Lack of necessity
You needn’t get up early tomorrow. It is Sunday.
Moral obligation and duty
You ought to be ashamed of yourself.
You ought to see a doctor.
If they sent the letter yesterday, the postman ought to bring it at any minute now.
Jane worked hard all the year round. She ought to go on holiday.
Obligation and duty
We should obey our teachers.
We should listen to our teachers carefully.
Mike is from London. He should know London very well.
If she studied hard, he should pass the exams.
in conditional sentences (weak probability)
If you should find her address, please let me know.
in subordinate clauses after “in case” (weak probability)
I’ll do my homework in case the teacher should come to class tomorrow .
after certain verbs and adjectives in a subordinate clause with the meaning of something must be done
The doctor suggested Sam should have an operation.
in reported speech instead of “shall” in the first person interrogative
He said, “Shall I open the door?” He asked me if he should open the door.
personal reaction to events
It’s natural that she should laugh at him.
in the future tense for the first person
I shall repair the car tomorrow. We shall study French next year.
determination in the first person
I shall eat what I like. I don’t mind what my doctor says.
determination, promise or threat in the second and third person
I shall finish the letter today.
in offers, suggestions, requests and advice
What shall we do at night?
in the future tense for all persons
I will watch a film at the weekend. He will wash the car at 8.
willingness, promise and strong determination in the first person
I will give up smoking.
strong determination in the second and third person
He will go to the cinema although his father doesn’t give permission to him.
No one will use this telephone.
She will go to bed early. She is used to doing for years.
invitation and offer
Won’t you have a cup of coffee?
Will you open the window, please?
I think you will like it.
Would you draw the curtains, please?
When I was at primary school, I would finish my homework at night.
in reported speech instead of “will”
She said, “I will send her some presents tomorrow.”
She said that she would send her some presents the following day.
in Conditional type II
If I were you, I would visit her.
willingness after “I wish” and “if only”
I wish my mother would talk less.
If only you would come home early.
refusal in the past
She wouldn’t listen what I told her.
in negative and interrogative sentences
Dare you telephone her?
How dare you play football in the classroom?
in the phrase “I daresay”
I daresay she will telephone you today.
He used to play football.
She used to have a Mercedes.
ought to have
ABSENCE OF NECESSITY
don’t have to
haven’t got to
didn’t have to
didn’t need to
hadn’t (got) to
had better not
is going to
be getting ready today.
come to us tomorrow.
arrange a party.
be studying English?
clean the room.
carry your parcel?
turn on the lights?
clean the room?
like me to open the door?
like me to turn on the lights?
like him to visit us?
have a seat?
have some tea?
help you, sir?
carry your parcel?
be a burglar.
be a doctor at the door.
come back earlier.
go to bed?
come this way?
pass the sugar?
please come this way?
please pass the salt?
eat anything fat.
told a lie.
speak too slowly.
get up early when he was at a student.
go by bus.
you went by train.
have dogs than cats.
be at home.
Come back by noon.
answer the questions.
win the reward.
arriving here now.
arrived here by tomorrow.
would like to
do my best to get a licence..
live as I like.
cause another accident again.
stay at the hotel.
do the homework this weekend?
am able to
do it by myself.
was able to
do it by myself when I was a child.
can / must
do it as I have told you.
try it again.
Do it again,
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